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False Creek, Vancouver

False Creek is a short inlet in the heart of Vancouver. It separates downtown from the rest of the city. It was named by George Henry Richards during his Hydrographic survey of 1856-63. Science World is located at its eastern end, with the Granville, Cambie, and the Burrard (which is furthest west) Street bridges crossing False Creek. The Canada Line tunnel crosses underneath False Creek just west of the Cambie Bridge. It is one of the four major bodies of water bordering Vancouver along with English Bay, Burrard Inlet and the Fraser River. In 1986 it was the location of the Expo 86 World's Fair.

History

Human settlement in the Lower Fraser region (including present-day Vancouver; see Lower Mainland) began between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago, following the retreat of the Sumas Glacier at the end of the last ice age. The settlement by peoples now known as the Coast Salish predates the arrival of salmon in the river between 4,500 and 5,000 years ago, an occurrence that took place symbiotically with the emergence of Douglas fir, western hemlock, and western red cedar ecosystems between 4,000 and 5,000 years before present-day. According to Squamish-Sto:lo author and historian Lee Maracle, Vancouver was inhabited by “Downriver Halkomelem” speaking peoples, the Tsleil-Waututh.

Contact between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of present-day Vancouver occurred in June 1792. By 1812, Halkomelem peoples had survived three large epidemics from foreign illnesses such as smallpox, introduced through trading routes, including a 1782 outbreak that killed two-thirds of the population. It has been estimated that shortly before the time of first contact and these epidemics, the indigenous population of the Lower Fraser was over 60,000.

An 1830 Hudson’s Bay Company census documented 8,954 indigenous inhabitants in the region, although the census was probably incomplete due to the omitting of an unknown number of settlements. As a result of epidemics, the population of the Tsleil-Waututh was reduced to 41 individuals by 1812, who invited the neighbouring Squamish to reside in Burrard Inlet.

Shortly thereafter, a group of Tsleil-Waututh led by Khatsalahnough, a leader from Lil’wat (near present-day Pemberton), occupied present-day False Creek. At this time, large sand bars existed at the entrance to False Creek, from which False Creek’s indigenous name, Snauq (meaning “sandbar”) is derived. False Creek, which lies in Musqueam territory, was a shared waterway; in addition to the Tsleil-Waututh, the Squamish inhabited False Creek as well, occupying it year-round.

Prior to European settlement, False Creek extended as far east as what is now Clark Drive, while Burrard Inlet was nearly a mile in width. With land reclamation extending into Burrard Inlet and False Creek for port and industrial uses, the landscape began to change dramatically. Once a vital source for Tsleil-Waututh, Musqueam, and Squamish food supplies such as sea asparagus, berries, camas, oysters, clams, wild cabbage, and mushrooms, False Creek became polluted with sewage and toxic effluent from sawmills and other industries. As a result, one nickname for False Creek was “Shit Creek”.

In 1913, the Squamish residents of the Kitsilano Reserve, on the False Creek sandbar, were forced to relocate. According to Maracle, the settlement was burned down following the forced evacuation. In 1916, the sandbar on which this settlement was located was built into Granville Island to create new industrial land. In 1917, the eastern basin of False Creek was infilled to create land for the Canadian Northern Railway's Pacific Central Station; transcontinental railway terminals such as this helped earn Vancouver the moniker of "Terminal City". Talk of draining and filling the inlet to Granville Street continued into the 1950s, but that never occurred.

The False Creek area was the industrial heartland of Vancouver through to the 1950s, and was home to many sawmills and small port operations. As industry shifted to other areas, the vicinity around False Creek started to deteriorate. In 1960, BC Forest Products plant and lumber storage facility on the south side of False Creek caught fire in Vancouver's first-ever five-alarm blaze. Every piece of firefighting equipment and all of Vancouver's firefighters fought the blaze for hours, but the facility was totally destroyed.

The future of False Creek south was subsequently shaped by debates on freeways, urban renewal, and the rise of citizen participation in urban planning. Through the 60s, the ruling NPA city government and senior city bureaucrats had hatched a plan - with little or no public consultation - to run freeways through the city. In the same period, the City razed large portions of Strathcona under the aegis of urban renewal. A group of influential citizens formed The Electors Action Movement (TEAM) to oppose the freeway and to radically change the way decisions were made on land use. A key figure amongst these people was Walter Hardwick, a Geography professor at UBC who envisioned the retrofit of this brownfield industrial site into a vibrant waterfront mixed-use community.

First elected to City Council in 1968, Dr. Hardwick led the City's redevelopment team and helped secure the participation of the Federal Government which owned Granville Island. A major public involvement and co-design process followed which established public priorities for an accessible waterfront seawall; mixed-tenure housing including market condominiums, co-op and low-income housing and live-aboard marinas; and a vibrant waterfront market. These plans were formalized in a 1972 Official Development Plan (http://vancouver.ca/commsvcs/BYLAWS/odp/fccdd.pdf). The form and mix of development were revolutionary for Vancouver at the time. A third of the site was set aside for housing at 40 units/acre with the balance converted to park, waterfront and community uses.

The North Shore of False Creek (NFC) was further transformed in the 1980s, as it took centre stage during Expo 86. Following Expo, the Province sold the NFC site to Li Ka-shing who brought ideas of a higher density waterfront community to the downtown peninsula. Vancouver's experience with South False Creek and the public participation that shaped it was key to developing NFC as a livable high-density community. For example, Ka-shing's company wanted to develop "islands" of market condos on the waterfront but was soundly rebuffed by the public and by planners who favoured the extension of a 100% publicly accessible waterfront and seawall. The 1991 Official Development Plan enabled significant new density commensurate with the provision of significant public amenities including streetfront shops and services, parks, school sites, community centres, daycares, co-op and low-income housing. Since then, most of the north shore has become a new neighbourhood of dense housing (about 100 units/acre), adding some 50,000 new residents to Vancouver's downtown peninsula.

On December 1, 1998, Vancouver City Council adopted a set of Blueways policies and guidelines stating the vision of a waterfront city where land and water combine to meet the environmental, cultural and economic needs of the City and its people in a sustainable, equitable, high quality manner.

Southeast False Creek (SEFC) is the designation given to the neighbourhood bordered by Cambie, Main, West 2nd Avenue, and False Creek. The 2010 Olympic Village, for athlete housing and logistics of the Winter Olympics, is found in Southeast False Creek. The City of Vancouver has plans to see this neighbourhood developed into a residential area with housing and services for 11,000-13,000 people.

Sports and recreation

False Creek is a very popular boating area for many different activities including dragon boating, canoeing, kayaking, public ferries, charter ships, and visiting pleasure boats. It has 10 marinas with berths for 1500 watercraft and several paddling clubs or boat rental facilities. Since 1986, the creek has been the venue for the Canadian International Dragon Boat Festival and other paddling events.

Transportation

Aquabus and False Creek Ferries are two ferry companies that operate daily scheduled service to and from points along False Creek. English Bay Launch provides daily scheduled service from Granville Island on False Creek to Bowen Island. False Creek can also be crossed via Canada Line at Olympic Village Station and Yaletown-Roundhouse Station.

Wildlife and the environment

Several decades following the suspension of industrial activity in the area, a number of shore and seabirds such as cormorants, ducks, herons, kingfishers, owls, geese, crows, and gulls have returned, as well as harbour seals. In an unusual sighting, in May 2010 a grey whale entered False Creek and traversed its length before returning to the open waters of the Strait of Georgia.

Factors working against the further return of wildlife include residual industrial contaminants, spillage from the sewer overflow system into the creek, and the seawall that constrains much of the shoreline with little habitat value. The city has attempted to recreate the natural shoreline in some areas and is working to phase out the antiquated sewer overflow system.

Architecture and urban planning

The False Creek area is an eclectic group of neighborhoods with very different urban planning and architectural techniques/styles. The discrepancies between the north and south shores of False Creek are apparent from the built landscape but, as David Ley from the Geography department at UBC argues, these discrepancies are representative of the social, economic, and cultural movements from which they sprang. The Modern and Post-modern aesthetics that helped to shape western culture during the course of the last century were not wasted on architecture and urban planning either. These movements in art and culture had significant effects on the way people thought about and interacted with their environment and False Creek offers a good example of the disparate design elements and goals that characterize these respective approaches, and of the how the sequence of development changed in response to social pressures.

South False Creek

The south shore of False Creek has had quite a diverse history of land uses since its founding. South False Creek went from being an industrial park, in the late 1800s and early 1900s, to being the populous residential area that it is today. The development of this area, beginning anew in the 1970s, occurred at a critical time in Vancouver’s history when citizens were organizing support for a new picture of the city, one that broke away from the standardized utilitarian cities that were so popular in North America and, instead, pushed for a more livable and diverse built environment. This neighborhood, located on municipally and federally owned land, offered an opportunity for project leaders, often led by TEAM members, to create a new kind of space, what Ley calls a post-modern space. Architecture and urban planning that embrace diversity of design, human-scale proportions, open public spaces, historical and vernacular allusions, diverse demography and the trade of local goods reflect the post-modern goals of inclusion and tradition that were important to the project leaders behind South False Creek. The result is a medium-density area with a variety of architectural designs, ownership opportunities, recreational activities, and modes of transportation, which allows for easier mobility within the community and a more picturesque landscape to be enjoyed by residents and visitors alike. Bike paths, parks, unique three-story homes, a public market, and the intentional preservation of mountain-views, and other characteristics, distinguish the area of South False Creek as one of the earliest conscious attempts to create a more “livable” environment for Vancouverites rather than focusing on efficiency and profitability as modernists are often criticized for doing.

North False Creek

The north shore of False Creek, on the downtown peninsula, has undergone multiple stages of development since its purchase by the province from the Canadian Pacific Railway in the early 1980s. Before the BC Cabinet bought the land of North False Creek to begin development for Expo ’86, the land was used for industrial purposes, however, provincial leaders developed a plan to build a sports stadium (BC Place), commercial outlets, and high-density residences on the newly cleared land. The circumstances surrounding the initial development phase of the northern shore of False Creek – strong provincial government involvement, incorporation of corporate partners, the appointment of Arthur Erickson as a project leader, etc. – worked to set the development of the area on a path to modernism with the primary goal being economic profit. BC Place and the accompanying high-density residences and commercial retailers set North False Creek in stark contrast to its southern neighbor, but the differences are more significant than design alone. Yes, the standardized condominiums and streets of the downtown peninsula may offer a more functional or efficient landscape for the modern worker, but even more, this kind of landscape, with its adherence to rational, large-scale, technological spaces, works to keep residents and visitors within the economic dynamo of the city. Although the early development decisions continue to play a role in the experience of the built environment in North False Creek, however, new strides have been taken by the land’s new owner Li Ka-shing, in response to public concerns, to create a more livable and accessible space, although the high-density and mixed use characteristics of the landscape were maintained in this case.

False Creek Listings

False Creek

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  • 1101 518 MOBERLY Road in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "New Port Quay" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308968

    Main Photo: 1101 518 MOBERLY Road in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "New Port Quay" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308968
    $1,395,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308968
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    1,162 sq. ft.
    West Coast landmark where enchanting views and unparalleled sunsets will be love at first site. Immaculate Penthouse suite looked after with care, from the current long term owner is the perfect False Creek view home. Renovated open plan design with spacious kitchen, dining and living rooms open onto a phenomenal expansive deck area. Perfect for entertaining, relaxing and taking in ample unobstructed False Creek to the horizon views. Two large bedrooms with ample closet space and storage, each with their own full bathroom. Steps from the Canada line, Cambie corridor shops, False Creek seawall, Aquabus and a short stroll to Creekside parks, Olympic Village, Granville island and Downtown Vancouver. A unique Community lifestyle. More details
    Listed by Engel & Volkers Vancouver
  • 408 W 1ST Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Townhouse for sale in "Maynard's Block" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308684

    Main Photo: 408 W 1ST Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Townhouse for sale in "Maynard's Block" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308684
    • Deck off of Living Room
    • Open Floor plan
    • Powder on Main Floor
    • Pantry
    • Den off of Master
    • Front entrance off W 1st over looking community gardens
    $1,089,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308684
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    3
    Floor Area:
    1,155 sq. ft.
    Fantastic & Quiet Corner 2 bed, 1 den & 2.5 Bath Townhouse in Maynard's Block. This home features a great open floor plan, with designer kitchen incl. S/S appliances, sliding doors opening to patio for BBQ, LG pantry, & powder on the main floor. Upstairs has 2 bedrooms and 2 bathrooms. The Master has an en-suite and attached den that is bathed in light with 2 windows, perfect for an office or nursery. This is an amazing location as it is 5 minutes or less to Skytrain, Seawall, Broadway & Cambie, Olympic Village shopping with the bike path on your door step! Walk Downtown in 10 minutes! As a bonus there are 2 Parking stalls & 2 storage lockers, Concierge, garden plots and gym. (plus new electric charging parking spot avail. to charge car) House SAT/SUN Sept 22/23 2-4pm More details
    Listed by RE/MAX Real Estate Services
  • 2115 COLUMBIA Street in Vancouver: False Creek House for sale (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308296

    Main Photo: 2115 COLUMBIA Street in Vancouver: False Creek House for sale (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308296
    $2,198,000
    Residential Detached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308296
    Bedrooms:
    4
    Bathrooms:
    3
    Floor Area:
    2,600 sq. ft.
    Beautiful West Side Character Home! This tastefully updated home boasts character and charm, a new kitchen complete with Custom cabinets, S/S Appliances, Quartz Counters...., 3 spacious bdrms up PLUS a bonus unfinished attic space with over 500 sq ft. The basement includes an office space with a built-in desk and a one bedroom suite with a separate entry. Enjoy the private backyard with a large elevated deck and a lower patio ideal for entertaining. Other upgrades include a new roof, gutters and fence. all this plus an excellent location - close to trendy shops, and restaurants plus only a short walk to the Olympic Village and all it's amenities. This gem is a rare find! More details
    Listed by RE/MAX All Points Realty
  • 1603 1783 MANITOBA Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "The West" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308129

    Main Photo: 1603 1783 MANITOBA Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "The West" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308129
    $1,598,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308129
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    1,220 sq. ft.
    SUB PENTHOUSE with incredible water, city, and mountain views at THE WEST. 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms and flex/office space. An open concept corner suite featuring a beautiful modern kitchen with quartz countertops, s/s appliance, high ceilings, his and her sinks in the master bathroom, mirrored closet doors, roller blinds and an abundance of natural light coming through. This NE facing suite features 1,220 SF of living space a balcony and rooftop deck. Comes with 2 secure parking spots and 1 storage locker. Building features a gym, wifi/party lounge, rooftop courtyard and daycare facility. Steps from the Olympic Village and seawall. Open House Saturday, September 22, 2018 from 2 pm to 4pm and Sunday, September 23, 2018 from 2pm to 4pm. More details
    Listed by Oakwyn Realty Downtown Ltd.
  • 603 1661 ONTARIO Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "SAILS" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308214

    Main Photo: 603 1661 ONTARIO Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "SAILS" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308214
    $1,299,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308214
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    1,100 sq. ft.
    THE ABSOLUTE BEST VALUE IN THE OLYMPIC VILLAGE, one of the most desirable & high-end developments in all of Vancouver! Inside this luxury LEED certified home you’ll find a professionally designed 2 bed + 2 bath + flex corner layout, spanning over a bright, open & efficient 1100sf! Appointed w/Sub-Zero & Miele appliances, Eggersmann cabinets, gorgeous 5-pc master ensuite, overheight ceilings, geothermal heating/cooling & an extra large balcony! The location is as good as it gets, just steps to The Seawall, Urban Fare, London Drugs, Craft, Tap & Barrel, Creekside Rec Ctr and ALL that Olympic Village has to offer! Owners have full access to the exclusive Gold Medal Club w/ indoor pool, hot tub, sauna, steam room & large gym. RARE 2 PARKING + 1 storage locker. OPEN HOUSE: Sept. 22/23, 2pm-4pm More details
    Listed by Rennie & Associates Realty
  • 55 1425 LAMEY'S MILL Road in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "Harbour Terrace" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2307679

    Open House on Tuesday, September 25, 2018 10:00AM - 12:00PM
    Main Photo: 55 1425 LAMEY'S MILL Road in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "Harbour Terrace" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2307679
    $559,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2307679
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    1,406 sq. ft.
    You will be amazed at the space in this quiet, 1407 Sq Ft 2 Bdrm, 2 Bath in fabulous False Creek. Concrete low-rise building "Harbour Terrace" w/spacious & open flr pln. Principal rms that accomm. house size furniture. Generous bdrms w/good separation from living/dining. Lrg master w/his/hers walk thru closet & ensuite. Bonus-laundry rm w/lots of storage space. Entertainment size covered balcony w/private treed outlook. 2 side by side pkg & 1 locker. PRE-PAID Leasehold w/COV until 2040. Pets & rentals ok w/rest. Granville Island living- enjoy shopping, dining, public market, seawall, aquabus & theatre district of this vibrant community. Canada line only mins away. This unit is awaiting your renovation ideas. Incredible value here. More details
    Listed by RE/MAX Select Properties
  • 708 1633 ONTARIO Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "Kayak - The Village on False Creek" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2306984

    Main Photo: 708 1633 ONTARIO Street in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "Kayak - The Village on False Creek" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2306984
    $1,288,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2306984
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    1,045 sq. ft.
    Welcome to KAYAK at the Village on False Creek. Exceptional quality & luxurious living in the heart of Olympic Village. This immaculate 2 bedroom unit has an open & well-desigend layout. German imported kitchen. Miele and Subzero appliances and lareg island make this a chef's delight. H/W floors, deluxe spa-like baths, 9 ft. ceilings and state of the art heating & cooling system are just some of the features. Well-equipped gym and access to the Gold Medal Club included in fees. Beautiful corner unit with city and future park views. Steps from the Canada Line & Expo Skytrain stations, Seawall & Aquabus. Parking and locker included. Pets and rentals allowed with restrictions. OPEN HOUSE SAT SEPT 22ND & SUN SEPT 23RD FROM 12:00-2:00PM More details
    Listed by Engel & Volkers Vancouver
  • 608 123 W 1ST Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "COMPASS" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2307683

    Main Photo: 608 123 W 1ST Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "COMPASS" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2307683
    $688,800
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2307683
    Bedrooms:
    1
    Bathrooms:
    1
    Floor Area:
    574 sq. ft.
    The Compass at the Village on False Creek! 1 bed + den unit offers a bright, open & highly efficient living space. 9'6 high ceilings, radiant heat & cooling system, German imported kitchen of Miele SS applinaces, gas range-oven, dishwasher & fridge. Eggersman cabinetry & luxury fixturs throughout. Spa bathroom with stand-up seamless glass shower & soaker tub. Unit includes 1 parking & access to the rooftop garden & lounge - also to Gold Medal Club with its indoor pool, hot tub, sauna/steam room & exercise facilities. Urban Fare, London Drugs, Legacy Liquor store, Canada Line & Expo Skytrain Stn, bus lines, aquabus, seawall & more at your doorstep. OPEN HOUSE SEP 22& 23, SAT/SUN, 2-4PM. More details
    Listed by Royal Pacific Tri-Cities Realty
  • 135 W 2ND Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Townhouse for sale in "RESIDENCES AT WEST" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308059

    Main Photo: 135 W 2ND Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Townhouse for sale in "RESIDENCES AT WEST" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308059
    $999,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308059
    Bedrooms:
    2
    Bathrooms:
    2
    Floor Area:
    908 sq. ft.
    1st time special release by the Developer! Gorgeous & rare T/H with soaring 16' ceiling on main level, two level, 2 bdrm home in the most coveted waterfront community - Olympic Village! Want a house feel in the city with everything around you? this one is for you! Featuring: Quartz counters, real veneer lower cabinets, glossy white uppers, super size kitchen (U-shaped), Blomberg & Italian Fulgor Milano appliances (SS), laminate floors, double height expansive windows, upper flr exclusive to master bedroom & private bathroom, 2nd bedroom on main level with own bathroom, exclusive patio for bbq's, 1 parking, flex for pantry, office or W/I closet & more! Steps to everything - Urban Fare, London Drugs, UBC bus, Skytrain, Canada Line & seawall. First Open House Sat & Sun 2-4pm Sept 22 & 23rd Entrance is not on the main road, it is off a garden pedestrian mews off W. 2nd Ave. More details
    Listed by Sutton Group-West Coast Realty
  • 609 1540 W 2ND Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "WATERFALL" (Vancouver West) : MLS®# R2308212

    Main Photo: 609 1540 W 2ND Avenue in Vancouver: False Creek Condo for sale in "WATERFALL" (Vancouver West)  : MLS®# R2308212
    • Living Room
    • Livning room
    • Living Area
    • Living Area
    • Living Room
    • Patio/Deck
    • Patio/Deck
    • Kitchen
    • Kitchen
    • Kitchen
    • Kitchen
    • Den/Flex
    • Master Bedroom
    • Master Bedroom
    • Bathroom
    • Courtyard
    • Courtyard
    • Exterior Front
    • Exterior Front
    $1,115,000
    Residential Attached
    Status:
    Active
    MLS® Num:
    R2308212
    Bedrooms:
    1
    Bathrooms:
    1
    Floor Area:
    888 sq. ft.
    Impressive loft at Arthur Erickson designed 'Waterfall building' at Granville Island. A concrete & steel architecturally designed building, as unique as the namesake. Live/work space features soaring 16ft ceiling, floor to ceiling windows to showcase light, separate office/flex space, polished concrete heated floors, and a private master bedroom opening onto the inner courtyard. The balcony offers a large entertainment space, perfect for anyone who delights in urban gardening, or gatherings of friends. Steps to Granville Island, downtown, or Kits in an unbeatable location. Great long term tenant. Open Sat/Sun 22nd 2-4pm. More details
    Listed by RE/MAX Crest Realty
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Listing information last updated on September 24, 2018 at 09:25 PM (UTC)

False Creek, Vancouver ‪バンクーバー‬ CANADA